The Maternal Vulnerability Index (MVI) identifies not only where,
but why, mothers in the United States are vulnerable to poor
maternal health outcomes.
The U.S. Maternal Vulnerability Index is the first county-level, national-scale, open source tool to identify where and why mothers in the United States are vulnerable to poor health outcomes. Six MVI themes reflect 43 indicators associated with maternal health outcomes. Explore themes and overall vulnerability below.
What are the drivers of maternal vulnerability in each U.S. county or state? They can include a range of factors across the personal, clinical, and environmental context in which mothers live, work, carry pregnancies, deliver, and raise their children. With a deeper understanding of the “why” behind poor outcomes, we can better target policies and interventions to mothers who need them most. Explore the six MVI themes of vulnerability below.
Although some regions of the United States have low overall maternal vulnerability, this can obscure large inequities. In any region of the U.S., White mothers are consistently more likely than Black or American Indian/Alaska Native mothers to live in areas that are conducive to good maternal health.
There are significant differences in vulnerability for mothers of color across regions, with the South having by far the highest levels of vulnerability. Racial inequity in vulnerability differs across regions too. For example, although there is inequity between Black and White maternal mortality rates in all regions, the largest gap between White mothers and Black mothers is in the Midwest.